glossary of terms

crepe
Crepe is a light, soft fabric of silk, cotton, wool, or another fiber, with a crinkled surface. The crinkling is apparent on the reverse or "wrong" side of the fabric. On the right side, the satin has a faint texture and lower sheen than standard satins. Our crepe-backed satins are made from artificial fibers.
eyelet
A metal ring clamped around a hole in a piece of fabric. Eyelets are used to reinforce the holes through which the drawstrings pass. Sometimes called a grommet.
faux
False. In fabrics, this applies to a fabric that is woven to mimic another. Faux-suede would be a false suede, an artificial fiber woven to be similar in quality, thickness and texture to actual suede, a nappy leather.
interfacing
A material insert, usually sewn between the layers of fabric or used under machine embroidery to provide stability for the fabric and design. Some varieties can be heat-fused to other fabrics, effectively bonding the two together. Sometimes called stabilizer.
microfiber
Also known as Cashmere Twill. This is a very lightweight synthetic fabric with the texture and drape of natural-fiber cloth. It is essentially reversible, with a low sheen "wrong" side and a soft nap "right" side. By default, we sew with the nappy side out, as it has an extremely nice texture.
microsuede
This synthetic fabric mimics the feel of suede, although it is generally not mistaken for leather, as it is usually of a much lighter weight. We use two weights of microsuede and recommend heavy microsuede for our deck bags, as it allows the bag to stand up straight on it's own. With a pile height that falls between microfiber and velvet, microsuede is ideal for embroidery patterns of all levels of complexity; the nap never pokes through the design the way velvet can.
nap
A soft or fuzzy surface on fabric or leather.
pile
The surface texture of certain fabrics, such as velvet, plush, and carpeting. Sometimes called the "loft" or "height".
satin
Satin is not accurately a fabric, as satins can be made from many different materials, such as cotton, rayon, polyester, etc. Satin as a term refers to the weave and finished appearance/feel of the fabric, and is characterized by a high sheen on the right side and a slick surface. Satin (especially the non-crepe type,) tends to fray heavily along cut edges; we serge the edges on all of our satin linings, to reduce the likelihood of tear-out.
seam
Where two pieces of fabric are joined together with a stitched line.
serge
A machine finishing technique, which encloses a raw fabric edge in thread.
shantung
Historically, a rough-finish silk. Most shantung is now made from artificial fibers, ours included. The appearance and feel is very similar to our crepe-backed satins on one side; the other side shows the rough-finish of traditional shantung. We sew with the satin side as the "right" side.
tear-out
When a fabric unravels in the seam allowance and splits away from the seam.
velboa
Velboa is a heavy fabric and quite dense. Classified as a "faux fur", this material has "waves" of nap that lie in differeing directions from one another.
velvet
Although originally made from silk, most velvet available today is produced from rayon or an acrylic/cotton blend. The characteristic feel of velvet is extremely soft with a medium pile. Our velvet is a lightweight fabric, and contains no silk.


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